ADVERB CLAUSES (3): CONCESSION: Mệnhđề phụ trạng ngữ chỉ sự nhượng bộ
Mệnh đề phụ trang ngữ chỉ sự nhượng bộ thường được bắt đầu bằng: Though, although, even though, even if, despite, in spite of, however, whatever.
1/- Although, though, eventhough, even if
Ex: Although/Though it rained heavily, they went out with their family.
Even if you don’t like me, I will be here with you.
Even if it takes 10 years, I still wait for her.
Sau mệnh đề chỉ sự nhượng bộ chỉ dùng dấu phẩy (,) không dùng “but”
2/- Despite, In spite of
(cụm danh từ)
Ex: Despite his poverty/ In spite of his poverty, he succeeded in his life.
Despite the bad weather, they continued climbing the mountains.
3/- However = No matter how: cho dù thế nào đi nữa.
However + adj/ adv + S + V…
Ex: However cold the water is, I will swim.
However quickly he ran, he couldn’t catch the bus.
No matter how terrible life is, I always feel optimistic.
4/- Whatever = Whatsoever = No matter what: dù gì đi nữa
Ex: Whatever happens, I will love you forever.
Whatever books he reads, he will never learn anything.