Topic 28: Choosing a career

Choosing a career

It is not easy to choose a career today. Hundreds of students are leaving schools and universities every year to seek employment in the various professions, though employment opportunities are not increasing proportionately. As a result, there is a lot of unemployment. 

The inability of the various professions to absorb all those seeking employment makes the choice of a career more difficult. Before one leaves school or university, one has many plans, confident that choosing a career will not be difficult. But when the time comes to choose a career, one finds that there are others with better qualifications waiting to enter the same profession. Disillusioned, one then looks for any kind of employment. In this way, many who wanted to become police, inspectors or field assistants in the rubber estates in this country, become teachers instead, and many who wanted to become teachers, have become clerks. 
The lack of institutions where people could acquire the skills necessary for a particular career makes the choice of a career even more difficult. For example, if one desires to become a journalist, one has to receive some training and instruction in a school of journalism. But if there is no such school, one is compelled to think of some other career. On the other hand, even
if there are institutions where one could acquire the necessary skills, one may still experience difficulty in gaining admission to them because one may not have the financial resources or the academic ability. Thus, many who wanted to become doctors and lawyers have actually become clerks and teachers. 
Further, even if one has all the academic and intellectual requirements for the career that one has chosen, one's temperament may not enable one to make a success of that career. Thus, many who passed several professional examinations and began their career as teachers are now working in the banks and other commercial firms. 
All this indicates the difficulty in choosing a career. Only a few are able to remain in the professions of their choice. 
1. opportunity (n): cơ hội, thời cơ
2. proportionately (adv): cân xứng, tương xứng
3. disillusion (v): làm vỡ mộng, làm tan vỡ ảo tưởng
4. institution (n): cơ quan, tổ chức
5. on the other hand: trái lại
6. academic (adj): thuộc về học thuật, học vấn
7. intellectual (adj): (thuộc) trí óc, (thuộc) trí tuệ
8. commercial (adj): thuộc về hoặc dành cho thương mại