Giải mã thuật ngữ ngành ô tô

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GIẢI MÃ THUẬT NGỮ DÙNG TRONG NGÀNH Ô TÔ
 
4SD                  4DOOR SEDAN
5HB                5 DOOR HATCHBACK
FP                    FUEL PUMP( Bơm nhiên liệu)

FPR                 FUEL
PUMP RELAY
( Rơ lebơm nhiên liệu)
A                      AMPERE ( đơn vị đo dòng điện)
GEN                 GENERATOR( Máy phát điện)
A/C                  AIR CONDITIONING
GND                GROUND( Nối đất- mass)
A/F                  AIR FUEL RATIO( Tỉ lệ không khí nhiên liệu – ở khí xả)
GPS                 GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM( Hệ thống định vị toàn cầu)
AAS                 AUTO ADJUSTING SUSPENSION ( Hệ thống treo tự động)
H/D                  HEATER/DEFROSTER( Hệ thống sấy kính)
ABS                 ANTI-LOCK BRAKING SYSTEM
ACC                 ACCESSORIES ( Phụ tùng, trang bị trên xe )
ACV                 AIR CONTROL VALVE
HO2S               HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR( Cảm biến ô xy khí xả)
ADD                 ADDITIONAL
HS                   HIGH SPEED
AFS                ADAPTIVE FRONT LIGHTING SYSTEM( Hệ thống đèn pha thích ứng)
HU                   HYDRAULIC UNIT
AIS                  AIR INJECTION SYSTEM
ALL                 AUTOMATIC LOAD LEVELING
IAT                  INTAKE AIR TEMPERATURE ( Nhiệt độ khí nạp)
AM                  AMPLITUDE MODULATION
IG                   IGNITION
AMP                AMPLIFIER (  Bộ khuếch đại)
ANT                 ANTENNA
 INT                 INTERMITTENT( Ngắt quảng/ vd: điều khiển gạt mưa)
ASV                 AIR SUPPLY VALVE
 JB                   JOINT BOX
AT                   AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
KS                   KNOCK SENSOR ( cảm biến kích nổ)
ATF                 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE FLUID( Dầu hộp số tự động)
LCD                 LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY( Màn hình tinh thể lỏng)
ATX                 AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE
LED                 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE(Diod phát sáng)
BAC                 BYPASS AIR CONTROL ( ĐK khí phụ)
BCM                BODY CONTROL MODULE
BSM                 BLIND SPOT MONITORING
CAN                 CONTROLLER AREA NETWORK
CIGAR             CIGARETTE
MAF                MASS AIR FLOW 
CKP                 CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR
MAP               MANIFOLD ABSOLUTE PRESSURE
CM                  CONTROL MODULE MFI MULTIPORT FUEL INJECTION
CMP                CAMSHAFT POSITION SENSOR MID MIDDLE
COMBI            COMBINATION 
MIL                MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LAMP
CON                CONDITIONER
MIN                  MINIMUM
MIX                 MIXTURE
CPU                 CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT
MPX                MULTIPLEX
CV                   CANISTER VENT
MS                   MIDDLE SPEED
DEF                 DEFROSTER
MT                   MANUAL TRANSMISSION
DI                    DISTRIBUTOR IGNITION
MTX                MANUAL TRANSAXLE
DLC                 DATA LINK CONNECTOR N NEUTRAL
DLI                  DISTRIBUTORLESS IGNITION
NC                   NORMALLY CLOSED
DOHC             DOUBLE-OVERHEAD CAMSHAFT
NO                   NORMALLY OPEN
DRL                 DAYTIME RUNNING LIGHT
O/D                  OVER DRIVE
DSC                 DYNAMIC STABILITY CONTROL
OBD                 ON-BOARD DIAGNOSTIC
DTC                 DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODE
OFF                 SWITCH OFF
DTM                DIAGNOSTIC TEST MODE
ON                   SWITCH ON
ECPS               ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED
ECT                 ENGINE CONTROL TEMPERATURE
P/S                   POWER STEERING
EGR                 EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION P/W POWER WINDOW
EHPAS             ELECTRO HYDRAULIC POWER ASSIST STEERING ( Hệ thống lái trợ lực điện-thủy lực)
PCM                POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE
EI                     ELECTRONIC IGNITION
PCV                 POSITIVE CRANKCASE VENTILATION
ELEC               ELECTRIC
PJB                  PASSENGER JUNCTION BOX
ELR                 EMERGENCY LOCKING RETRACTOR PNP PARK/NEUTRAL POSITION
ETC                 ELECTRONIC THROTTLE CONTROL ( Bướm ga điều khiển bằng điện)
PRC                 PRESSURE REGULATOR CONTROL ( ĐK bộ điều áp)
EPS                  ELECTRIC POWER STEERING (HT lái trợ lực điện)
PRG                 PURGE SOLENOID VALVE
EVAP               EVAPORATIVE EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM ( Hệ thống kiểm  soát sự bay hơi nhiên liệu)
PSP                  POWER STEERING PRESSURE
PTC                 POSITIVE TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT HEATER
F/I                    FUEL INJECTOR
PWM               PULSE WIDTH MODULATION
FICB                FAST-IDLE CAM BREAKER
QSS                 QUICK-START SYSTEM
FM                   FREQUENCY MODULATION
REC                 RECIRCULATION 
TICS                TRIPLE INDUCTION CONTROL SYSTEM
TNS                 TAIL NUMBER SIDE LIGHTS
RH                   RIGHT HAND
TP                    THROTTLE POSITION SENSOR
RPM                REVOLUTIONS PER MINUTE
TPMS              TIRE PRESSURE MONITORING SYSTEM
RVM                REAR VEHICLE MONITORING 
TWS                TOTAL WIRING SYSTEM
SAS                 SOPHISTICATED AIR BAG SENSOR
V                      VOLT
SFI                   SEQUENTIAL MULTIPOINT FUEL INJECTION
VAF                 VOLUME AIR FLOW SENSOR
SOL                 SOLENOID VENT VENTILATION
SPV                 SPILL VALVE
VICS                VARIABLE INERTIA CHARGING SYSTEM
ST                    START
SW                   SWITCH
VR                   VOLTAGE REGULATOR
TC                   TURBOCHARGER ( Bộ tăng áp)
VRIS                VARIABLE RESONANCE INDUCTION SYSTEM
TCC                 TORQUE CONVERTER CLUTCH
VSS                  VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR
TCM                TRANSMISSION(TRANSAXLE) CONTROL MODULE
VTCS               VARIABLE TUMBLE CONTROL SYSTEM 
TCS                TRACTION CONTROL SYSTEM W WATT(S)
WGN              WAGON
TFT               TRANSAXLE FLUID TEMPERATURE(F)

Wiring Color Code
 
B                      BLACK
O                     ORANGE
L                     BLUE
P                     PINK
BR                   BROWN
R                      RED
DL                   DARK
BLUE SB SKY BLUE
DG                   DARK
GREEN T TAN
GY                   GRAY
V VIOLET
G                     GREEN
W WHITE
LB                    LIGHT
BLUE Y YELLOW
LG                   LIGHT
GREEN
——————
ALC
Auto Level Control
ALR
Automatic Locking Retractor
ATDC
After Top Dead Center
ATF
Automatic Transaxle Fluid
ATX
Automatic Transaxle
BBDC
Before Bottom Dead Center
BCM
Body Control Module
BDC
Bottom Dead Center
BTDC
Before Top Dead Center
CAN
Controller Area Network
CCM
Comprehensive Component Monitor
CKP
Crankshaft Position
CMDTC
Continuous Memory Diagnostic Trouble
CMP
Camshaft Position
CPU
Central Processing Unit
CVT
Continuously Variable Transaxle
DC
Drive Cycle
ELR
Emergency Locking Retractor
ESS
Emergency Stop signal System
HF/TEL
Hands-Free Telephone
HU
Hydraulic Unit
IDS
Integrated Diagnostic Software
KOEO
Key On Engine Off
KOER
Key Off Engine Running
LED
Light Emitting Diode
L.H.D.
Left Hand Drive
LO
Low
LR
Left Rear
M
Motor
MAX
Maximum
MIN
Minimum
MS
Middle speed
MTX
Manual Transaxle
NVH
Noise, Vibration, Harshness
OCV
Oil Control Valve
ODDTC
On-demand Diagnostic Trouble Code
PAD
Passenger Air Bag Deactivation
PCV
Positive Crankca
PDS
Portable Diagnostic Software
PID
Parameter Identification
P/W CM
Power Window Control Module
RDS
Radio Data System
REC
Recirculate
RES
Rear Entertainment System
RF
Right Front
RH
Right Hand
R.H.D.
Right Hand Drive
RR
Right Rear
SAS
Sophisticated Air Bag Sensor
SST
Special Service Tool
SW
Switch
TCS
Traction Control System
TDC
Top Dead Center
TFT
Transaxle Fluid Temperature
TNS
Tail Number Side Lights
AP
Accelerator Pedal
APP
Accelerator Pedal Position
ACL
Air Cleaner
A/C
Air Conditioning
A/F sensor
Air Fuel Ratio Sensor
BARO
Barometric Pressure Atmospheric
Pressure
B+
Battery Positive Voltage
B
Brake Switch
 
CMP sensor
Camshaft Position Sensor
 
CAC
Charge Air Cooler
 
CLS
Closed Loop System
 
CTP
Closed Throttle Position
CPP
Clutch Pedal Position
CIS
Continuous Fuel Injection System
EGI
Electronic Gasoline
CS sensor
Control Sleeve Sensor
CSP sensor
Control Sleeve Position Sensor
CKP sensor
Crankshaft Position Sensor
DLC
Data Link Connector
DTM
Diagnostic Test Mode
DTC
Diagnostic Trouble Code(s)
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